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The History of Carpet Weaving

A carpet is a piece of soft furnishing that is spread out over the floor. Following a certain design, coloured threads are knotted to the warp threads and compressed with the weft threads, according to the chosen knotting technique.
Carpet history researchers are in agreement that carpet knotting first started in areas where Turks were living, and as these tribes migrated westwards, their skills and traditions travelled with them. Unravelling the history of Turkish carpets began when 8 carpets from the Anatolian Seljuk period were found in the Alaaddin Mosque in Konya. This history starts with the Turkmen people in the 13th century, and shows that the flat weave and knotted carpets of the Turkmen tribes were the finest examples in the world.

Over centuries, and throughout a vast geographical area stretching from East Turkestan to Anatolia, from the people who brought us the world’s first carpets to the Anatolian people of today, carpets, with their array of colours and designs, have played an important part in everyday life. Young girls in Adıyaman knot carpets to earn a living, or to contribute to the family income, and the carpets they produce are displayed around the world in houses, hotels, and even palaces.

The contents of this publication, which has been funded through the 2010 Economic Development Financial Support Programme of the Silk Road Development Agency, does not represent the views of the Silk Road Development Agency and/or the Ministry of Development. The Gaziantep Chamber of Commerce is the sole bearer of responsibility for the contents.